Android has several Android API level settings that determine your app's compatibility with multiple versions of Android.
This guide explains what these settings mean, how to configure them, and what effect they have on your app at run time. Target Framework — Specifies which framework to use in building your application. This API level is used at compile time by Xamarin. Minimum Android Version — Specifies the oldest Android version that you want your app to support.
Behavior changes: apps targeting API 29+
This API level is used at run time by Android. Target Android Version — Specifies the version of Android that your app is intended to run on. Existing apps will be required to target API level 26 or higher beginning in November For more information, see Improving app security and performance on Google Play for years to come. Normally, all three Xamarin.
Android API levels are set to the same value. On the Application page, set Compile using Android version Target Framework to the latest stable API version or, at a minimum, to the Android version that has all of the features you need. In the following screenshot, the Target Framework is set to Android 7.
If you want to maintain backward compatibility with an earlier version of Android, set Minimum Android version to target to the oldest version of Android that you want your app to support. Set Target framework to the latest stable API version or, at a minimum, to the Android version that has all of the features you need. In the following screenshot, the Target Framework is set to Use the latest installed platform 8.
Set the Minimum Android version to Automatic - use target framework version and set the Target Android version to the same value as the Target Framework version. In the following screenshot, the Target Android Framework is set to Android 8.
If you want to maintain backward compatibility with an earlier version of Android, change Minimum Android version to the oldest version of Android that you want your app to support. If your app supports multiple Android versions, your code must include runtime checks to ensure that your app works with the Minimum Android version setting see Runtime Checks for Android Versions below for details. As the Android platform evolves and new Android versions are released, each Android version is assigned a unique integer identifier, called the API Level.
Because users install apps on older as well as the most recent versions of Android, real-world Android apps must be designed to work with multiple Android API levels.
An Android code name may correspond to multiple versions and API levels as seen in the table belowbut each Android version corresponds to exactly one API level. In addition, Xamarin.Each platform version includes a system image for each supported form factor handsets, Android TV, and Android Wear. The system images may receive separate updates, usually to resolve bugs with the emulator.
There are no release notes for the system images, but you should always keep them up to date. For details about the platform changes, see the Android 11 documentation.
For details about the platform changes, see Android 10 for Developers. For details about the platform changes, see Android 9 for developers.How to setup Android Sdk in Unity (unable to list target platforms fixed 2018)
For details about the platform changes, see Android 8. For details about the platform changes, see Android 7. Incremental update. Released as Android 7. For more information, see the Android 7. Initial release for Android 7. For details about the platform changes, see the Android 6. Initial release for Android 6. For more information, see the Android 6. For details about the platform changes, see the Lollipop overview and Android 5.
Initial release for Android 5. For more information, see the Android 5. For details about the platform changes, see the KitKat overview and Android 4.
Maintenance release. The system version is 4. For more information, see the Android 4. Initial release. For details about the platform changes, see the Jelly Bean overview and Android 4. Note: This system image includes support for emulator hardware graphics acceleration when used with SDK Tools r17 or higher. Improvements to the platform's rendering library to support the visual layout editor in the ADT Eclipse plugin.Every new Android version introduces changes that bring significant security and performance improvements as well as enhance the user experience of Android overall.
Some of these changes only apply to apps that explicitly declare support through their targetSdkVersion manifest attribute also known as the target API level. Configuring your app to target a recent API level ensures that users can benefit from these improvements, while still allowing it to run on older Android versions.
Targeting a recent API level also allows your app to take advantage of the platform's latest features to delight your users. This document highlights important points you need to know in updating your target API level to meet the Google Play requirement. Note: If your Gradle file contains manifest entries, you can confirm or change the current value of targetSdkVersion in your app's Gradle file, as described in Configure your build.
For an exhaustive list of changes introduced in Android 10 API level 29see the Behavior Changes page for that version of the platform. See the respective Behavior Changes page for each of the following releases to ensure your that your app has accounted for changes introduced in these releases:.
The following considerations apply to apps targeting Android 6. Dangerous permissions are only granted at runtime. Your UI flows must provide affordances for granting these permissions. Wherever possible, ensure your app is prepared to handle rejection of permission requests. For example, if a user declines a request to access the device's GPS, ensure your app has another way to proceed. For an exhaustive list of changes introduced in Android 6. The following considerations apply to apps targeting Android 7.
Design for behaviors described in Optimizing for Doze and App Standbywhich encompasses incremental changes introduced across several platform releases.
The system forbids linking to non-NDK libraries. For an exhaustive list of changes introduced in Android 7. The following considerations apply to apps targeting Android 8. For an exhaustive list of changes introduced in Android 8. For an exhaustive list of changes introduced in Android 9.
Continue to update to API 29 by following the instructions in the previous section. As you update the target API level for your apps, consider adopting recent platform features to modernize your apps and delight your users.Discussion in ' Android ' started by KreizLandJul 22, Search Unity.
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Come check them out and ask our experts any questions! Joined: Jul 12, Posts: KreizLandJul 22, Joined: Sep 14, Posts: Joined: Jul 23, Posts: API level 29 worked for me, I just tried building with Unity I am attaching a screenshot from Google Play console for confirmation. SailenduJul 23, Joined: Jul 9, Posts: HectorOfPriamosJul 25, Joined: Jul 1, Posts: 2. I have got this problem in 1.
ArmanJul 25, Joined: Apr 10, Posts: Joined: Aug 14, Posts: 8. Hi iam using version Joined: Apr 15, Posts: 3. I have similar issue. Working on fix. CJSstudiosAug 1, Android 10 includes updated system behavior changes that may affect your app. The changes listed in this document apply exclusively to apps that are targeting API 29 or higher. If your app sets targetSdkVersion to "29" or higher, you should modify your app to support these behaviors properly, where applicable.
Make sure to also review the list of behavior changes that affect all apps running on Android Note: In addition to the changes listed on this page, Android 10 introduces a large number of privacy-based changes and restrictions, including the following:. These changes, which affect apps that target API level 29 or higher, enhance user privacy. To learn more about how to support these changes, see the Privacy changes page. To help ensure app stability and compatibility, the platform started restricting which non-SDK interfaces your app can use in Android 9 API level Android 10 includes updated lists of restricted non-SDK interfaces based on collaboration with Android developers and the latest internal testing.
Our goal is to make sure that public alternatives are available before we restrict non-SDK interfaces. If you will not be targeting Android 10 API level 29some of these changes might not immediately affect you. However, while you can currently use some non-SDK interfaces depending on your app's target API levelusing any non-SDK method or field always carries a high risk of breaking your app. If you are unsure if your app uses non-SDK interfaces, you can test your app to find out.
Nevertheless, we understand that some apps have valid use cases for using non-SDK interfaces. If you cannot find an alternative to using a non-SDK interface for a feature in your app, you should request a new public API.
This change increases security and robustness when working with shared memory, improving performance and security of Android overall. Apps should load only the binary code that's embedded within an app's APK file.
This includes any shared object. The Android runtime ART no longer invokes dex2oat from the application process. In the past, the ahead-of-time AOT compilation performed by the Android Runtime ART could cause runtime crashes if the classpath environment was not the same at compile time and runtime.
This is a normal permissionso the system automatically grants it to the requesting app. When multiple apps appear at the same time in multi-window or multi-display mode, all the focusable top activities in visible stacks are in the resumed state, but only one of them, the "topmost resumed" activity, actually has focus. Do not confuse "focus" with the "topmost resumed" activity. The system assigns priorities to activities based on z-order to give higher priority to the activities that the user interacted with last.
An activity can be top-resumed, but not have focus for example, if the notification shade is expanded. The behavior of the resizeableActivity manifest attribute has also changed. Starting with version 3. Content and code samples on this page are subject to the licenses described in the Content License.
Google document suggests API Level 29 will be Android Q
About the platform. Android Privacy updates. Features and APIs. Behavior changes for apps. Get started with Android Privacy and location. Wear OS. Android Things. Google is committed to advancing racial equity for Black communities.Every year, Google unveils a new Android version. The new flavor this year is Android Piealso known as Android 9. A recently updated Google document suggests that Android Q will be the next major Android version and not Android 9.
The commit lists new functions in the C library coming to Android Q. For example, Android 8. That obviously turned out to not be the case because I had failed to take into account the possibility that Google had already completed work on Android Oreo MR1 in their internal master branch.
Keeping up with all the latest platform changes can be a challenge, but Google is starting to make that mandatory if you want your app to thrive on the Play Store. Android 8. Editor-in-chief at XDA-Developers. XDA Developers was founded by developers, for developers.
It is now a valuable resource for people who want to make the most of their mobile devices, from customizing the look and feel to adding new functionality. Are you a developer? Terms of Service. Hosted by Leaseweb. We are reader supported. External links may earn us a commission.
September 6, am Comment Mishaal Rahman. Load Comments. Subscribe to XDA. Netflix just raised the price of its Standard and Premium plans October 29, The version history of the Android mobile operating system began with the public release of the Android beta on November 5, The first commercial version, Android 1.
Android is continually developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance OHAand it has seen several updates to its base operating system since the initial release. The development of Android started in by Android, Inc. The first public release of Android 1. The code names "Astro Boy" and "Bender" were tagged internally on some of the early pre The project manager, Ryan Gibson, conceived using a confectionery-themed naming scheme for public releases, starting with Android 1.
Google announced in August they were ending the confectionery theming scheme to use numerical ordering for future versions. InGoogle announced that Google Play would begin to require apps to target a recent Android version. This pattern has continued in subsequent years. The following tables show the release dates and key features of all Android operating system updates to date, listed chronologically by their official application programming interface API levels.
Lollipop features a redesigned user interface built around a responsive design language referred to as " material design ". Other changes include improvements to the notifications, which can be accessed from the lockscreen and displayed within applications as top-of-the-screen banners.
Furthermore, Google made internal changes to the platform, with the Android Runtime ART officially replacing Dalvik for improved application performance, and with changes intended to improve and optimize battery usage, known internally as Project Volta. Android 11 Beta was postponed from being launched on June 3, to June 10, Unofficial Android-x86 project used to provide support for the x86 and MIPS architectures ahead of the official support.
While gaining support for bit platforms, Android was first made to run on bit x86 and then on ARM Android used to require an autofocus camera, which was relaxed to a fixed-focus camera.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 25 October Wikipedia list. See also: Android software development. Android 1. Android 2. Android 3. Android 4. Android 5. Android 6. Android 7. Android 8. Android 9 Pie API Android 10 API Android 11 API Computer programming portal. Google acknowledged this problem and fixed it in late September. It also inadvertently reduced the NFC capabilities of the Nexus phone.
Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on February 24, Retrieved February 20,